An away team is comprised of a group of starship or starbase crewmembers, disembarking their assignment to undertake excursions either on a planet, another starship or another starbase. An away team undertakes what is called an away mission.
Away teams can perform a variety of duties on their away mission. This could include:
- Exploring an area;
- Making first contact;
- Undertaking a diplomatic mission;
- Performing scientific research;
- Fighting or defending.
By the 24th century, the term was utilised again. In this timeframe, Starfleet regulations dictated the first officer assemble and lead the away team, and the second officer be one of the team's members. (TNG: "Encounter at Farpoint", "Time's Arrow") Under Starfleet Code Section 12, Paragraph 4 of these same regulations, the commanding officer was prohibited in most cases from joining the away team, with his or her place being on the bridge. (TNG: "Gambit, Part I"; Star Trek Nemesis)
- Arctic Archaeology Team
- Assault team
- Engineering team
- Forensic team
- Observer team
- Security team
- Survey team